How Does the Thyroid Gland Cause Changes in Weight?

Woman getting thyroid ultrasound Your thyroid gland regulates your body and mind. If this tiny gland malfunctions, there may be a massive effect on several aspects of your health – one of which is your weight. If your thyroid goes haywire, one of the possible manifestations is an unexplained or sudden change in weight. Once you experience it, a visit to a thyroid management clinic in Provo for diagnosis and treatment is in order.

For a better understanding of the condition, here’s how it happens.

Hypothyroidism and Weight Gain

Hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid, happens when the thyroid gland produces less hormone than your body needs. It may be caused by a number of things, including Hashimoto’s disease, removal of the gland, or too much iodine.

Often, low levels of thyroid hormones lead to unexpected weight gain. Individuals with hypothyroid have a low rate of metabolism. Low metabolism may cause them to gain weight. An accumulation of water and salt causes much of the weight gain. In other persons with hypothyroidism, the additional weight may be due to fat accumulation. The rate of weight gain depends on the severity of the thyroid problem.

Hyperthyroidism and Weight Loss

Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, happens when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroxine. Conditions that may cause hyperthyroidism include thyroiditis, Graves’ disease, Plummer’s disease, and toxic adenoma.

High levels of thyroid hormones may speed up the body’s metabolism. One symptom of this increased metabolism is a sudden or unexpected loss of weight. Individuals with an overactive thyroid may lose weight despite no appetite or dietary justifications for the loss.

Managing Thyroid-related Weight Problems

Do you think your thyroid is to blame for your weight issues? For many people with thyroid problems, weight management is a big frustration. Several treatments exist depending on the cause and severity of the diagnosed disorder, so it’s best to have your thyroid checked as soon as you can.